Sources 9

Theory, Practice, and Nature In-between

Antonio Vallisneri’s Primi Itineris Specimen
Critical edition of Antonio Vallisneri’s manuscript Primi Itineris Specimen (1705)

Critical edition of Antonio Vallisneri’s manuscript Primi Itineris Specimen (1705)

This publication is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Germany (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 DE) Licence.

In the summer of 1704, Antonio Vallisneri (1661–1730), the preeminent Italian physician and natural philosopher of his time, traveled with a “daring soul” and “trembling feet” across the “silent horrors” of the northern Apennines: down the hills south of Reggio Emilia to northern Tuscany and the western edge of his native land, the Province of Garfagnana. He then wrote a report of this adventure, the Primi Itineris per Montes Specimen Physico-Medicum (“Physico-medical example of a first journey through the mountains), and sent it to the Royal Society of London, hoping for its publication in Philosophical Transactions. Unfortunately this did not happen and the manuscript disappeared from sight. The original draft, however, survived in the State Archive of the Italian city of Reggio Emilia where it was found in 2009. With its exceptional array of geological, medical, geographical, technical, ethnographic, and historical data, the Primi Itineris Specimen is one of the earliest and most well-documented attempts to define a systematic approach to field research. Its frantically reworked pages and anxious marginal notes offer a new and precious opportunity to understand why and how experimental data and theories in the early modern period interacted and shaped the development of many crucial debates. These include the discovering of deep-time, the comprehension of geological phenomena (such as the hydrologic cycle and the origin of mountains and fossils), the perception of man’s place in nature, the constant search for new therapeutics, the tormented and charming relation between science and religion.BriefDescription:Critical edition of Antonio Vallisneri’s manuscript Primi Itineris Specimen (1705)

Foreword

PART I Introduction

1 On Context

2 On Method

Acknowledgements

PART II Primi Itineris per Montes Specimen Physico-Medicum: Transcription

3 Main Manuscript: Transcription

4 Other Papers: Transcription

5 Maps: Transcription

PART III Primi Itineris per Montes Specimen Physico-Medicum: Translation

6 Main Manuscript: Translation

7 Other Papers: Translation

8 Maps: Translation

Bibliography

PART IV Primi Itineris per Montes Specimen Physico-Medicum: Facsimile

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A

Académie Royale des Sciences

Accademia degli Inquieti (then Accademia delle Scienze dell’Istituto di Bologna)

Accademia dei Muti

Adalbert I, Margrave of Tuscany

Agricola (Bauer), Georgius (Georg)

Albritton, Claude

Alfonso I d’Este, Duke of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio

Alfonso II d’Este, Duke of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio

Alfonso III d’Este, Duke of Modena and Reggio

Andrietti, Franco

Annoni, Luca

Antoninus Pius, Titus Aelius Hadrianus Augustus, Roman Emperor

Appianus/Ἀππιανὸς

Arco (de), Giovanni Filippo

Arena, Libera Paola

Ariosto, Ludovico

Axworthy, Angela

Azzari, Fulvio

B

Babu, Senthil

Bacci, Andrea

Bacon, Francis

Baconian method

Banfi, Antonio

Barsotti (unknown)

Bartel, Kraig

Bartholin, Caspar (the Younger)

Becchi, Antonio

Becher, Johann Johachim

Bentivoglio, Cornelio

Bertacchi, Pellegrino

Bettini, Mario

Blancus (Saint)

Bocchi, Girolamo

Boggs, Bruce

Boggs, Serafina

Bonolis, Luisa

Borghi, Beatrice

Borso d’Este, Duke of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio

Bortolomai, Ileana

Bosio, Giovanni

Boulden, Kristal

Bourguet, Louis

Bowen, Sonya

Boyle, Robert

Bradley, Bruce

Brincefield, Angela

Browar, Lisa

Brutus, Marcus Iunius

Burnes, James

Burton-Rose, Daniel

C

Caesar, Gaius Iulius

Caglio, Alberto

Calcagni, Simone

Cardano, Girolamo

Carlisle, Tara

Carraway Vitiello, Joanna

Cartesianism

Cassiodorus Senator, Flavius Marius Aurelius

Cassius, Gaius Longinus

Castelli, Benedetto

Castracani degli Antelminelli, Castruccio, Duke of Lucca

Catilina, Lucius Sergius

Cato maior, Marcus Porcius

Cavalchi, Bruno

Cecchi, Domenico

Celsus, Aulus Cornelius

Censorship

Chen, Esther

Chierici, Gaetano

Chinn, Katherine

Cicero, Marcus Tullius

Cillei (unknown)

Claudianus, Claudius

Clayton, Sarah

Cohn, Norman

Colominas Aparicio, Mònica

Colonna, Fabio

Corbacella, Giorgio

Corbett, Caitlin

Corbly, David

Corghi, Flaminio

Corradi d’Austria (de’), Domenico

Cox, Logan

Crowther, Kathleen

Cyrus the Younger, Persian prince

D

Dal Pra, Mario

Dal Prete, Ivano

Darling, Cassondra

Davini (family)

Davini, Carlo

De Boodt, Anselmus Boëtius

De Monconys, Balthasar

De Pablo, Montserrat

De Stefani, Marco

De Zen, Roberto

Dereham, Thomas

Descartes, René

Divarci, Lindy

E

Edition Open Sources project

Eldridge, Meredith

Ellenberger, François

Empiricism

Ercolano da Piegaro (Blessed)

Ercole I d’Este, Duke of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio

Este (House of)

Ettmüller, Michael

Eutychianus (Saint), Pope

F

Fabre, Pierre-Jean

Fabri, Honore

Falco, Pietro

Falloppio, Gabriele

Felicius, Bishop of Lucca

Fidler, Meghan

Field research

Florus, Lucius Annaeus

Fludd, Robert

Francesco I d’Este, Duke of Modena and Reggio

Franchini Taviani, Niccolò

Fridianus (Saint)

G

Galenus/Γαληνός

Galilean experimentalism

Galilei, Galileo

Gellius, Aulus

Gemelli, Benedino

Generali, Dario

Gessner, Conrad

Geymonat, Ludovico

Gilbert, Charles

Giovannini, Girolamo

Giraldi, Lilio Gregorio

Gould, Stephen Jay

Grant, Carl

Graves Stuart, Stella

Graziani, Giovanni

Green, Nancy

Guazzelli, Michelangelo

Guglielmini, Domenico

Guidi, Bartolomeo

Guinigi, Paolo

H

Habsburg (House of)

Hale, Piers

Halicarnassensis, Dionysius

Halley, Edmond

Hannibal Barca

Herbinius, Johannes

Hieronymus, Eusebius Sophronius (Saint)

Hippocrates/ʽΙπποκράτης

Honoratus, Servius Marius

Hooke, Robert

Hybrida, Caius Antonius

I

Imperato, Ferrante

Imperiale, Louis

International Commission on the History of Geological Sciences (INHIGEO)

Irenaeus (Saint)

J

Jacopucci, Giacobbe

Jüngken, Johann Helfrich

K

Kelley, Tanya

Kircher, Athanasius

Kölbl-Ebert, Martina

L

Laevinus, Caius Valerius

Lahey, Michelle

Lalli, Roberto

Lanzoni, Giuseppe

Laufersweiler, Barbara

Laufersweiler, Mark

Lavelli, Jacopo

Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm

Leibnizianism

Leopold I of Habsburg, Holy Roman Emperor

Lepidus, Marcus Aemilius

Linda Hall Library of Science, Engineering and Technology

Lister, Martin

Livesey, Steven J.

Livius, Titus Patavinus

Locke, John

Louis II of Italy, Holy Roman Emperor

Luce, Richard E. (Rick)

Lucretius, Titus Carus

Luigi d’Este Juniore, Governor of Reggio and Marquess of Scandiano

Luzzini, Francesco

L’afflitto, Andrea

M

Macrobius, Ambrosius Theodosius

Maffei, Raffaele

Maggioni, Maurizio

Magruder, Kerry V.

Mahdavi, Younes

Malebranche, Nicolas

Maleone (da), Carlo

Malpighi, Marcello

Marcus Antonius

Mariotte, Edme

Marius, Gaius

Marsili, Luigi Ferdinando

Martinetti, Piero

Matilde di Canossa

Max Planck Institute for the History of Science (MPIWG)

McDonald, Jenna

Medici (House of)

Meloni, Stefano

Micotti, Anselmo

Mini, Paolo

Modarres, Ali

Monti, Maria Teresa

Morello, Nicoletta

Morganti, Bartolomeo

Munz, Tania

Murena, Lucius Licinius

N

Nanni, Giovanni (Annio da Viterbo)

Natural philosophy

Newcomb, Sally

Niccum, Barbara

Norris, John A.

Novello, Francesca

O

Octavianus Augustus, Gaius Iulius Caesar, Roman Emperor

Ofella, Quintus Lucretius

Oldroyd, David R.

Omodeo, Pietro Daniel

Orsucci (unknown)

P

Palissy, Bernard

Palmeri, JoAnn

Pandora, Katherine

Paul (Saint), Apostle

Paulinus of Antioch (Saint)

Pellegrino delle Alpi (Saint)

Pennuto, Concetta

Perotti, Niccolò

Perrault, Pierre

Peter (Saint), Apostle

Petrarca, Francesco

Petreius, Marcus

Petronius, Gaius Arbiter

Plato/Πλάτων

Plinius (Maior), Gaius Secundus

Plinius (Minor), Gaius Caecilius Secundus

Plot, Robert

Plutarchus/Πλούταρχος

Poli, Oscar

Pompeius, Gnaeus Magnus

Pope, Jackson R., III

Popper, Karl

Porzio, Simone

Preti, Giulio

Primitivus (Saint)

Ptolemaeus/Πτολεμαῖος

Purkaple, Brent

R

Raggi (unknown)

Ramazzini, Bernardino

Rappaport, Rhoda

Raspona (family)

Redi, Francesco

Reiss, Fred

Reiter, Scott

Renn, Jürgen

Republic of Letters

Rickman, Melissa

Rispoli, Giulia

Roberts, Cari

Rocchi, Pietro

Rodelia (de), Filippo

Rohault, Jacques

Rossi, Giulio

Rossi, Paolo

Royal Society of London

Rudwick, Martin J.S.

Ruffini, Antonio

Rullianus, Quintus Fabius Maximus

Rupp-Serrano, Karen

Rutilius Namatianus, Claudius

Ruysch, Frederick

S

Sallustius, Gaius Crispus

Sanvito, Valter

Saumaise, Claude

Sbaraglia, Giovanni Girolamo

Scheuchzer, Johann

Scheuchzer, Johann Jakob

Schoepflin, Urs

Schott, Franz

Schott, Gaspar

Science and religion

Scilla, Agostino

Selenu, Stefano

Serrano, Elena

Serrano, Gabriel

Sherman, Jason

Silanus, Decimus Iunius

Silius Italicus, Tiberius Catius Asconius

Sloane, Hans

Spallanzani, Ippolito

Spurinus, Quintus Petilius

Stack, Martin

Stancari, Vittorio Francesco

State Archive of Reggio Emilia

Strabo/Στράβων

Suetonius, Gaius Tranquillus

Sulla, Lucius Cornelius

Swischer, Donna

Sydenham, Thomas

T

Taylor, Kenneth L.

Terentius of Luni (Saint)

Terni, Giambattista

Testi, Fulvio

Theodorus (Saint)

Thoden, Klaus

Tippit, Walker

Torre (del), Filippo

Tramonti, Timoteo

Trevisan, Bernardo

Triacca, Michela

Tutidanus, Caius Sempronius

U

University of Bari

University of Bologna

University of East Piedmont

University of Insubria

University of Milan

University of Oklahoma

University of Oklahoma Libraries

University of Padua

V

Vaccari, Ezio

Valerius (Saint)

Valleriani, Matteo

Valli, Paolo

Vallisneri (family)

Vallisneri, Mauro

Van der Schoot, Joas

Van Helmont, Jan Baptist

Vannini, Guido

Vergilius, Publius Maro

Vermij, Rienk

Vitiello, Massimiliano

Vivianus (Saint)

W

Wade, Eric

Watkins, Ronald

Wecker, Johannes Jacob

Weldon, Stephen P.

Wendt, Helge

X

Xenophon/Ξενοφών

Z

Zemke, Eric

Zeno, Apostolo

Zhao, Tao

Zumali, Fabrizio

Marco Pantaloni, "Francesco Luzzini. Theory, Practice, and Nature In-between: Antonio Vallisneri’s “Primi Itineris Specimen.”.," Isis 110, no. 4 (December 2019): 829-831. DOI: 10.1086/706331

Information

ISBN

978-3-945561-32-4

Pages

369

Publication Date

March 20, 2018

Print on Demand

currently unavailable

Submitted by

Benedino Gemelli, Dario Generali, Kerry V. Magruder, Kenneth L. Taylor